Knowing What Are the Types of Disability?

Disability services Melbourne takes many forms, from behavioral, cognitive, intellectual and physical impairment.

Cognitive disabilities refers to neurological conditions which impede how people process and comprehend information, such as dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia.

Physical (or motor) disabilities include any impairment that interferes with movement and control over one’s body, including conditions like cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy.

Developmental Disability

Developmental disabilities are severe long-term conditions that affect cognitive ability and/or physical functioning, typically beginning in childhood and continuing through life. They typically manifest during this period and usually lead to changes in how individuals learn, communicate and interact with their surroundings as well as adapt. They may impact things like communication between peers as well as adaptation. Developmental disabilities can range from solely physical ailments like blindness or spinal cord injuries to cerebral palsy or Down syndrome that impact both physically and intellectually; often caused by genetic or chromosome disorders; however; prenatal exposure to drugs like alcohol can also have lasting consequences that make developmental disorders worse over time.

Physical disabilities encompass anything that restricts mobility, such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida and muscular dystrophy. Degenerative conditions such as multiple sclerosis and arthritis also fall under this category. Finally, behavioral disabilities refers to emotional or psychological conditions which cause people to act differently from other people of similar age.

Sensory Impairment

Sensory disability refers to impairment of sight, hearing or other senses such as touch (tactile), smell (olfactory) and taste (gustatory) which may occur as the result of accidents, injuries, genetic factors or illness such as epilepsy.

These disabilities can impede on an individual’s ability to function – their daily life activities such as work and study, caring for family and friends or self-care – as well as social interaction, relationships and emotional wellbeing and mental health.

Some neurological disabilities worsen over time, like Multiple Sclerosis or Parkinson’s. Others remain stable over time – Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy being examples – so they’re considered chronic.

Personalized care helps people retain their independence. A person who has greater control over their life and health is less likely to need disability support. Moreover, they are more likely to stick with treatment plans. This means they are less likely use costly treatments and emergency services.

Personalized care is also beneficial for patients with dementia. A study found that patients with dementia are more likely get more help from their support worker if they can discuss their care plans with them.

Disability Health

Mental illnesses can significantly alter one’s thoughts, feelings and behavior and may persist for short or extended periods. Mental health conditions may make it harder to work, study or interact with others as well as have adverse consequences on both physical and mental wellbeing.

Neurological disability refers to damage done to the brain and spinal cord or complex nervous system during birth, trauma or disease – for instance cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease all fall under this category.

Learning disabilities refer to disorders that interfere with an individual’s ability to process information. This may involve difficulties reading (dyslexia), writing (dysgraphia), managing mathematic concepts or dyscalculia) or math calculations (dyscalculia). Furthermore, this category encompasses vision and hearing impairments.

Physical Disability

Physical disability refers to any health condition which restricts mobility, physical capacity, stamina, dexterity and senses. Such disabilities include Multiple Sclerosis, Cerebral Palsy, Muscular Dystrophy and chronic arthritis / Fibromyalgia.

Epilepsy is a physical disability characterized by unprovoked seizures that interrupt your thinking and feelings, impeding work performance and social interactions with others.

People living with physical disabilities have diverse needs and experiences, from permanent to temporary disabilities that may or may not be visible, caused by congenital conditions or acquired through accident or illness. Their disability experience is typically defined by activity limitation, participation restriction and impairment dimensions – the ICIDH framework helps illustrate these disparate experiences with disabilities as they interact between dimensions; almost everyone will have at some time been injured or experienced age related decline.

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